wave study_NoC

(video edited from the xx “Chained” music video)

“The waves broke and spread their waters swiftly over the shore. One after another they massed themselves and fell; the spray tossed itself back with the energy of their fall. The waves were steeped deep-blue save for a pattern of diamond-pointed light on their backs which rippled as the backs of great horses ripple with muscles as they move. The waves fell; withdrew and fell again, like the thud of a great beast stamping.”

― Virginia Woolf, The Waves

For nature of code project, I want to dig more into simulation of ocean waves/tide waves/liquid flow. Through this series of studies, I aim to figure out several simulations/patterns that could be best adjusted into a spacial human body interaction project using kinect. The idea is to project wave(whatever it is made of) to the ground/wall/ceiling (not decided yet) which could let people interact with the wave, with both visual and sound feedback. The rise and fall of tides and the come and fade of waves are like the voices of memories.

The wave study would start from its form and movement:


connected system of particles / grid / lines / shades of color / 3D render

2. movements

linear (back and forth along with people’s movement)

circular (ripple)

sine wave/irregular wave

3. variables that control movements

gravity(tidal force) / wind / user passing by(kinect) etc.


“Waves are the voices of tides. Tides are life,” murmured Niko.

“They bring new food for shore creatures, and take ships out to sea.

They are the ocean’s pulse, and our own heartbeat.”

― Tamora Pierce, Sandry’s Book

week 4 readings

From shore to plate: Tracking tuna on the blockchain

The case showed us how blockchain technology can enable supply chain transparency and traceability. It is also inspiring to me in terms of protecting traditional techniques. Indonesia’s pole and line and handling fishery is a great example of a sustainable technique which can create jobs, guarantee product quality, and be environment friendly. It worth us exploring how to implement digital tool to protect traditional techniques and raise awareness.

My question is when introduce blockchain technology into this area, especially in developing country, how to intervent and win trust as the new tech would make the system decentralised , which means the stakeholder which has original central power would lose its authority?

And as the blockchain system works as SSOT which means one source would determine the truth, how to identify/guarantee the original one source would never be wrong along the whole process?

A Post-Mortem of Our First Pathways Study


This week we tested our first pathways study, which was super fun and inspiring.

What pathways did you see?

  • up&down linear and circular pathways which tried to change the amplitude of the sine wave (predict & design)
  • right&left linear pathways which follow the snaking of sine wave (predict & design)
  • random pathways which users tried to see how many/which body joints could interact with the wave (predict)
  • stretched pathway to a certain point to make the sin wave pause (surprise)
  • linear pathways which got closer/further away from the wave (surprise)

What design choices did you make to influence the pathways people would take?

  • the amplitude of sine wave could be controlled by vertical movement of the joint
  • random notes would be triggered when the joint match a certain point of the wave, meanwhile, that certain point would be lit up (this part didn’t actually work in class which caused some confuses, but also surprises)
  • the shape design of sine wave were to lead the joint to do the same sine wave pathway, with the cue of feedback from note sound and lit up point, finally became a unison

What choices were not made? left to chance?

  • the unpredicted “chaos” of random notes made the user’s movement wanted to interact and follow with its rhythm
  • could design something when users move closer or further away from the wave
  • the joint selection was not designed, could be multi joints / head

What did people feel interacting with your piece?

  • How big was the difference between what you intended and what actually happened?
  • people felt happier playing with the notes rather than just sine wave, while in our initial design, notes were more like a cue. might be interesting if we made the notes more designed and fit the pathway
  • people loved looking for “edges”, almost everyone would choose to stretch their pathway to see how further they could get control of the amplitude, and that brought up a pause in their movement



* Code Link here –


*Video here –


week 3(readings)

Designing Field Trial Protocols in Ethiopia for Pneumonia Diagnostic Devices

“The management of pneumonia within the community has important benefits. It not only reduces the burden on health facilities but ensures early identification, classification, diagnosis and treatment of children where they need it the most: close to home. “
If the device is timely and accurate enough, which means most of preventable children pneumonia could be prevented before they go to health facilities, will it indirectly decrease the diagnose quality of health facilities in the long term? How to evaluate the influence when introducing a new role to an already built eco-system?
How long would it take to put pneumonia diagnostic devices into real practice after the trial test?

What is driving Uber’s global impact?

“The company has expanded its mission from providing rides on demand to reinventing transportation as we know it. While sustainable global development is by no means Uber’s goal, the byproduct of its business has early stage impact and long term potential in areas like safe roads and clean air that have traditionally fallen within the domain of aid agencies.” 

Has “sustainable global development” ever been part of Uber’s goal? If not, as it has been awared of now, would it be a burden for Uber’s future development? For instance, driverless car which may increase cars and make roads less safe. And is there any proof or data shows that it did help to make road safer and cleaner?

But Mexico City also represents an example of the pace at which Uber is expanding from urban to suburban areas, including less wealthy areas historically underserved by transportation, Matthew Devlin, who leads international relations at Uber, said at Devex World.’So you think about what that means in terms of creating access to jobs, to education, to healthcare, allowing people to participate in the social and civic life of their city,’he said.

What would a capital drive incorporate react when more and more “social responsibilities” seem to be added to it?  Should Uber lower down the cost at suburban areas in developing countries as the people there got lower incomes, which may not be a good idea to get revenue?

mycelium experiment + proposal

(my mycelium test 1)

Inspired by the mesh-like particle system coding pieces from the class Nature of Code, my first thought is to use mycelium as a material to create a bio generative art.

The coding outcome and mycelium share some similarities in appearance:

If I were to do so, how I mix substrates and spawns properly in order to let mycelium grow exactly as how it’s wrote in code would be a big challenge. The experiment on this issue would focus on –

1.Test it on a flat platform to observe how mycelium grow and spread in certain pattern

2. Reconsider and test the ratio of spawns and substrates  

3.Design the “route” of spawns

What’s more, as mycelium needs to grow in a dim environment, it would also be essential to place it in a dark space and applied particular light which allows it to be visible for observation but does no disturbance to mycelium at the same time.

My second thought was inspired by the fungi mutarium prototype, which concept was to let edible fungi degrade plastic and finally be eaten by human, I want to build a sustainable cycle in which after fungi digested trash, it would be burnt to ashes in the form of a mycelium candle.



01. trash + fungi

Apart from coffe-grounds or oat straw, what kind of fungi can degrade and eat real harmful trash like plastic and how to get it?


02. wax + fungi + fabrication

The final form of the mycelium candle should look nice that people would love to purchase it for real. Inspired by the organic texture of the outcome of our mycelium test, I think dyeing mycelium or soywax in a marble-like or water color way might be a nice approach.

The next question would be – to dye/color substrates before it grow or do it afterwards.During research I found a fungus experiment from this class in 2015, done by Arielle Hein and Pamela Liou, in which they did bunches of tests on dying mycelium as well as growing mycelium with beeswax. They found out that dyeing before it grew might be a better option and it is also possible to grow mycelium with beeswax.(I’d love to try soywax as it is the main ingredient which is used in making scented candle)


(photo credit to Arielle Hein)


03. the combustion

Is it safe to burn mycelium? It’s possible that during the combustion some toxic gas might be released or, luckily enough, some good gas(maybe dye it with natural pigment with healing effect)?


data matters

When I was browsing the assignment reading on Motherboard, customised  Ads were keeping distracting me constantly and accurately – Adafruit, Everlane,origins… the poped out “shop now” tag seems more attractive as these are things I do interested in purchasing.

It is big data and algorithms that make Ads targeting works so well.

Amazon’s recommendation engines suggest items for you to buy, Spotify recommends music to you, Gmail’s filter out spam mails. 

In The Data That Turned the World Upside Down, strong examples about Brexit and the latest US presidential election showed the power of  data in making human predictable, and in guiding them in some ways. As every move we did on internet, through computer or cellphone, is like filling out our psychological questionnaire.

And in Fake News is not the only problem, another question was raised – how can data help identify the truth when data and algorithm are also helping spreading fake news?Like if a certain piece of news has been read for over 1,000 times then it would be put on first page of your search so that more people would see it (facebook or twitter, mark it as “trending topics”), more attention would be drew to it.

“The loss of trust in institutions, especially mainstream media, is worrying (read this Mathew Ingram piece) because it means there’s no consensus on who is telling the truth, what is based on facts, and what is missing important context.”

How can data help then?

While just like the question Gilad threw out at the end of the article,

“In a world where stories form so rapidly and organically, who gets to decide what is real?”

I saw one of the comment said “Reliable and accurate knowledge in most domains is doable. Like Wikipedia, such database can give most people fast comfort that the vast majority of time they will find a safe harbor. The caveat is that there will, undoubtedly, be competing databases. But, ultimately, even this will sort out akin to a Venn-diagram.”

Another question came across my mind is that is data always telling the truth? Will data lie? What if data-driven insights conflict with common sense/fact? To what extend shall we rely on data?

For instance, I also read Gilad’s points on iTunes APP ranking charts,  there’s an example on uber and tinder stats diagram which shows their ranking on Christmas day at trough.Does it really mean that these days are not good days for dating or riding? If a brand were to buy advertisement on a APP, does the data of downloads really tell the volume of its real audience? What about the fake follower numbers of bloggers on instagram? twitter? are these data qualified enough to influence/make a business decision? 

fungus week 2: inspiration and research

In reading the first several chapters of Mycelium Running, I was fascinated by how intelligent and important fungus is to maintain the ecosystem on earth. Among the ways by which fungus could save the world, I am most interested in mycofiltration and how mycelium could digest earth wastes.


Through these integrated,netted fabric of interconnected cells, slit, chemical toxins, bacterias could be removed or killed. Moreover, there is fungus that could be applied for eating plastic, fast and efficiently. In Mycelium Running, Paul Stamets gave us the idea of  cleaning world’s pollution by using mycelia to break down long-chain molecules of organic and inorganic matter into digestible form.

check this article out- http://www.mediamatic.net/252682/en/mold-that-eats-plastic

And as a Asian, yes I do enjoy eating mushrooms. Edible is another feature of fungus that I love. Thinking of mycofiltration and edible together, an idea came across my mind: Human activity generates wastes – fungus eat the wastes – human eat fungus. It seems to be a sad but sustainable cycle.

During research, a fungi cutlery project by livin studio came into my sight.

I feel this project a perfect mix of mycology, technology, and design, which aims to solve the global waste problem in a sustainable and humorous way.



Foraging the Futuristic Recycled Fruits of the Fungi Mutarium